In recent years, a significant geopolitical shift has occurred as Russia deepens its ties with Iran’s “Axis of Resistance,” a coalition of proxy militias spread across the Middle East. This alliance includes groups such as Hamas in Gaza, Hezbollah in Lebanon, Houthis in Yemen, and various militias in Syria and Iraq, all cultivated and controlled by Iran.The roots of this alliance can be traced back to Iran’s military doctrine of “forward defense,” developed in response to the devastating Iran-Iraq war. This strategy led Iran to focus on supporting proxy militias, engaging in naval guerrilla warfare, cyber warfare, and utilizing drones. The aim was to fight enemies outside its borders and prevent war from reaching its doorstep.Russia’s involvement in this alliance has strengthened since the 2022 invasion of Ukraine. Tehran is now a crucial supplier of drones, ammunition, and missiles to support Russia’s military efforts. In return, Russia has aligned itself with Iran’s proxies, creating a formidable force with shared objectives: protecting Iranian interests, seeking the obliteration of Israel, and ending American presence in the Middle East.The recent collaboration between Russia and Iran’s proxies, particularly Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad, has escalated tensions in the Israel-Palestine conflict. Russia’s diplomatic support for these groups at the United Nations and its strategic moves, such as electronic jamming affecting Israel’s air routes, indicate a departure from its previously neutral stance in the region.This realignment has strained Russia’s relations with Israel, a country it once considered a “special state.” The fear within Israel is that increased Russian support for Iran’s proxy groups could jeopardize its security. The situation also reflects the broader context of the US-Russia rivalry, with Israel caught in the middle. Finepoint by Shubhangi Sharma