Ukrainian service members fire a shell from a M777 Howitzer near a frontline, as Russia’s attack on Ukraine continues, in Donetsk Region, Ukraine June 6, 2022. REUTERS/Stringer TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY  

Business Insider: The US is scrambling to find what experts say may be the ‘most important’ hardware Ukraine needs to hold off Russia in 2023 

* Ukraine and Russia have relied heavily on artillery to batter each other’s forces. 

* Whether they can find more ammunition for that artillery will affect the course of the war in 2023. 

* To support Ukraine, the US and its allies are searching all over the world for the right shells. 

Amid indications that Russia is planning to resume offensive operations in spring 2023, Ukraine’s allies are scrambling to provide Ukraine with sufficient artillery ammunition. 

But this requires scouring the globe for munitions to feed Ukraine’s polyglot collection of Soviet-designed guns and the dizzying array of howitzers and rocket launchers supplied by various Western countries. 

“Ammunition availability might be the single most important factor that determines the course of the war in 2023, and that will depend on foreign stockpiles and production,” US defense experts Michael Kofman and Rob Lee wrote in December for the Foreign Policy Research Institute.  

Read more ….  

WNU Editor: In November, the Pentagon estimated that Russia was firing 20,000 shells a day, while Ukraine fired 4,000 to 7,000. But I am now reading/hearing that while Russia is continuing to fire 20,000 shells a day, Ukraine is firing around 1,400 shells. 

In this type of war you need artillery. If these reports are true, Ukraine’s military is going to be suffering horrific casualties in 2023.